The Hindu Calendar is a complete festival throughout the year. This festival of lights is celebrated every year in autumn, 15 days after Dussehra all across India. It spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil and hope over despair. This cultural and regional festival is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, Sikhs and Newar Buddhists. It begins two days before Diwali from Dhanteras and marks its end with Bhaiduj.
The word ‘Diwali’ or ‘Deepavali’ is derived from Sanskrit word ‘Dipam’ meaning series of lights or light lamp and it is also called the ‘festival of lights’. Diwali for Hindus signifies the celebrations in honor of the return of Lord Rama with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana and Lord Hanuman to Ayodhya from an exile of 14 years and after defeating Rama. For some, Diwali also marks the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and a year of Agyatvas in Mahabharata. Also, Diwali celebration is related to goddess Lakshmi, considered the goddess of wealth and prosperity. The five-day festival begins on the day goddess Lakshmi was born by the gods and the demons and Diwali night is the day when goddess Lakshmi chose Lord Vishnu as her husband. On the other hand, in eastern India goddess Kali is worshipped and in Braj, Govardhan Pooja is performed. The Diwali night is the darkest night and signifies the start of the month Kartika. The darkest night of the year is lit with Diya’s, Rangoli designs, sweets, and fireworks. The best part of the ritual is that it brings family and friends together. This year, Diwali falls on 19th October 2017.
- Dhanteras- Diwali starts with Dhanteras when the houses and professional places are cleaned and decorated. It denotes the birthday of goddess Lakshmi- the goddess of wealth and prosperity and Dhanvantari- the god of health and healing.
- Naraka Chaturdashi- Also known as Choti Diwali, it denotes the death of demon Narakasura by Krishna, Satyabhama and Kali. Special bathing rituals like fragrant oil bath are held followed by Pooja.
- Lakshmi Pooja- The third is the main festive day when people wear new outfits, Pooja is performed and sweets are exchanged. After the pooja, crackers are burnt.
- Padwa- This day is celebrated to show the love and devotion between the wife and the husband.
- Bhai Duj- The last of this series is termed as Bhai Duj when a sister-brother relationship is celebrated in a manner similar to Raksha Bandhan and denotes a lifelong bond between the siblings.
As stated earlier, Diwali kind of reunites people so here are some warm wishes for your loved ones:
- Diwali is the occasion to light a lamp of love in our hearts and burn the grievances and share sweet memories.
Wish you a happy and safe Diwali 2017.
- May this festival of lights enlighten your life with love and happiness…
wish you and your family prosperous Diwali.
- May the deities bless you with wealth, prosperity, health, love and happiness and the relations you never loose!
Enjoy a happy and safe Diwali!!
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